Production and demand
The demand for aluminium is increasing year by year. Many applications and developments require a material that is lightweight but nevertheless strong – requirements that aluminium can fulfil optimally. In addition, it is an extremely versatile material.
Shaped aluminium castings
Shape casting is used to produce finished products and various casting processes are used (sand, pressure die or chill casting) depending on the product, the size of the production series and the dimensional accuracy required. The car industry is the most important customer group for shape-casting foundries. The production of shaped aluminium castings (pressure die, chill and sand castings) in 2015 totalled 1,065,500 tonnes. A year earlier, in 2014, 992,800 tonnes of shaped aluminium castings were produced. This represents a rise in production in 2015 of about seven per cent.
Production of shaped aluminium castings
|Other casting processes||8.000||8.000|
Semi-finished aluminium products
Production of rolled products in Germany in 2015 totalled 1,857,300 tonnes. This represents a decline of 4.9 per cent year-on-year. The production of plate was the only positive development: here output rose from 70,900 to 73,000 tonnes. In addition, some 570,100 tonnes of extrusions were also produced in Germany in 2015 and this was one per cent less than the previous year. The production of profiles and tube declined, although the industry managed to increase bar and rod production.
Produktion von Aluminiumhalbzeug
|Rod and bar||39.000||42.000|
|Open-die and drop forgings||N/A||N/A|
Packaging for foodstuffs, medication and body-care products is subjected to the highest possible demands. Aluminium is a flexible, multifunctional and lightweight packaging material here. Aluminium packaging is also a material par excellence for the circular economy and can be recycled without any losses after use to conserve resources. Aluminium converting includes the production of aluminium foil (2015: 274,000 tonnes), the manufacture of tubes, cans and aerosol cans (2015: 44,000 tonnes) and the production of aluminium powder (2015: 35,600 tonnes).
|Foil and thin strip||271.000||274.000|
|Tubes, cans, aerosol cans||43.000||44.000|