Production and demand

The demand for aluminium is increasing year by year. Many applications and developments require a material that is lightweight but nevertheless strong – requirements that aluminium can fulfil optimally. In addition, it is an extremely versatile material.

Production and demand for raw aluminium

In Germany, about 1,161,500 tonnes of raw aluminium were produced in 2015. Production was thus 2.8 per cent higher than the previous year’s level. It comprised 541,400 tonnes of primary aluminium and 620,100 tonnes of recycled aluminium or remelt aluminium. Compared with the previous year, the production of primary aluminium rose 2.0 per cent, while that of recycled aluminium showed a gain of 3.5 per cent.

Shaped aluminium castings

Shape casting is used to produce finished products and various casting processes are used (sand, pressure die or chill casting) depending on the product, the size of the production series and the dimensional accuracy required. The car industry is the most important customer group for shape-casting foundries. The production of shaped aluminium castings (pressure die, chill and sand castings) in 2015 totalled 1,065,500 tonnes. A year earlier, in 2014, 992,800 tonnes of shaped aluminium castings were produced. This represents a rise in production in 2015 of about seven per cent.

Production of shaped aluminium castings

In tonnes 2014 2015
Total 993.000 1.066.000
Die-casting 576.000 615.000
Chill casting 303.000 332.000
Sand casting 106.000 111.000
Other casting processes 8.000 8.000

Semi-finished aluminium products

Production of rolled products in Germany in 2015 totalled 1,857,300 tonnes. This represents a decline of 4.9 per cent year-on-year. The production of plate was the only positive development: here output rose from 70,900 to 73,000 tonnes. In addition, some 570,100 tonnes of extrusions were also produced in Germany in 2015 and this was one per cent less than the previous year. The production of profiles and tube declined, although the industry managed to increase bar and rod production.

Produktion von Aluminiumhalbzeug

In tonnes 2014 2015
Total 2.548.000 2.449.000
Rolled products 1.952.000 1.857.000
Rod and bar 39.000 42.000
Profiles 524.000 518.000
Tube 11.000 11.000
Wire 17.000 17.000
Open-die and drop forgings N/A N/A
Conductor material 5.000 4.000

Aluminium converting

Packaging for foodstuffs, medication and body-care products is subjected to the highest possible demands. Aluminium is a flexible, multifunctional and lightweight packaging material here. Aluminium packaging is also a material par excellence for the circular economy and can be recycled without any losses after use to conserve resources. Aluminium converting includes the production of aluminium foil (2015: 274,000 tonnes), the manufacture of tubes, cans and aerosol cans (2015: 44,000 tonnes) and the production of aluminium powder (2015: 35,600 tonnes).


In tonnes 2014 2015
Total 349.000 353.000
Foil and thin strip 271.000 274.000
Tubes, cans, aerosol cans 43.000 44.000
Aluminium powder 35.000 35.000


Dr. Andreas Postler

Head of Economics and Trade Policy

Phone: +49 211 4796-118